Sunday, July 29, 2012

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Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands belong to Vietnam

Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands belong to Vietnam

We, Vietnamese peace-lovers call upon all Vietnamese overseas students in specific and all Vietnamese expatriates in general to share this important information to all of your international friends and ask them to share. This piece of information is of an attempt to expose the illegitimate actions of China's government in the East Sea, which seriously violate international laws and Viet Nam's sovereignty over Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes, and to inform all international and Chinese friends that: the declaration of China's sovereignty over Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes is null and void.


A Han-Chinese map of China published by Shanghai Publishing House in 1904 reveals that China stretched as far south as Hainan Island, and that Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) Islands did not belong to China.

After holding it for 30 years, Dr. Mai Hong, former head of the Library of the Institute for the Study of Chinese and Demotic Scripts and Cultures, has decided to release the historical evidence.

Hong recently sat down with Tuoi Tre for an interview about the map:

How did you get this map?

I got this map when I administered a library of Chinese and Demotic Script books (now Institute for the Study of Chinese and Demotic Scripts and Cultures) in 1977. At that time, collecting maps was not our administrative function. However, to my surprise, an elderly man who often sold books to us showed up at our office one day and recommended I buy this map. I spent one month's salary to purchase it without my family's knowledge.

Is it a valuable map made a long time ago?

Yes, it is. It's a color-coded paper map that has a carton-paper cover and can be opened like a book. Inside the map, there are more than 35 pieces - each measured at 20cm wide, 30cm long - stuck on canvas. Because I can read Han-Chinese, I've translated about 600 Han-Chinese words into Vietnamese that adequately represents the origin and date of the map.

According to the translation, the map was created across nearly two decades (1708 - 1904), from the Kangxi Emperor who ruled China from 1661 - 1722 to the Guangxu Emperor from 1875 to 1908. The emperors asked many clergymen and gifted astronomers and mathematicians to make this map.

More specifically, in 1708, King Kangxi recruited some western clergymen to draw the map of the Great Wall. In 1711, the King continued to ask the clergymen to survey lands in 13 provinces nationwide. After that, Chinese intellectuals and western clergymen worked together for nearly 200 years to finish this map. Among famous western clergymen helping King Kangxi with the map were Matteo Bicci from Italy, Joannes Adam Schall Von Bell from Germany, and Ferdinandus Verbiest from Belgium.

In 1904, Shanghai Publishing House printed this map and distributed it to all provinces of the Qing Dynasty, the last imperial dynasty of China ruling from 1644 to 1912. The introduction of the map was written by the director of a Chinese observatory.

What is some helpful historical data from this map?

In this map, the director of a Chinese observatory greatly appreciated achievements by western clergymen, who were at the time ahead of China in the field of astronomy and mathematics. As the map indicates, there are no photos, drawings or surveys of Truong Sa or Hoang Sa islands on the map. The Chinese themselves also admitted that Hainan Island was the end of their land to the south.

Why did you decide to release this map?

In my opinion, this map will provide some helpful evidence that helps Vietnam get more active in resolving disputes with China over the ownership of the two islands in the East Sea. This is also helpful data for local scholars or researchers who are studying the seas and the islands' sovereignty.

Official map

According to Pham Hoang Quan, a local researcher on Han-Chinese and Demotic Scripts, the map, measuring 115cm long and 140cm wide, was printed on separate sheets and belonged to a group of large-scale maps.

Quan added that during the Ming and Qing dynasties, there were only 60 maps of this kind.

The map's accuracy in terms of longitude and latitude is nearly on par with modern maps. This map was made by experts at the Observatory of the Qing Dynasty, so it can be considered official, he said.

Source: AsiaOne

Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands belong to Vietnam

In Chinese : 

>> Paracel Islands belong to Vietnam many centuries ago
>> Old atlas affirms Vietnam’s sovereignty over Hoang Sa, Truong Sa


  1. Philippines, China and other countries also have evidence that Spratly Islands are belong to them. I think it is better to have a good deal between these countries to stop the territorial dispute.

  2. @apple: According to many documents at home and abroad Vietnam became the first country to possess and make sovereignty over two archipelagos Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands. In the map East Sea (Oceanus Sinensis) of the brothers Van Lang ren Dutch in 1595 as well as the map "Inđiae" of the Orientalis Mecato 1633, Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands is represented as a contiguous, rectangular flag tail nheo lies along the direction of the Central Coast region of Vietnam. According to many ancient maps of Vietnam as the first annual County map painted 1774 Map of Unified Dai Nam draw all around the year 1838, two islands are shown as part of the territory of Vietnam.

    Meanwhile the Philippines claims sovereignty over the Spratly Islands in 1956
    China claims sovereignty over the Spratly Islands in 1958.
    Malaysia claims on the Spratly Islands in 1971
    Brunei claims on the Spratly Islands in 1984
    From these data show that the Spratly Islands belongs to Viet Nam is completely.
    Vietnam will keep on fighting to gain Spratly Islands because it's Viet Nam own flesh and blood

    1. Thank you for giving that another information for us. Even though Vietnam was the first country that claimed or have the sovereignty to those islands, I think other countries will still fight for Spratly islands because they have their evidence too. I'm just hoping that it will not lead to war.

  3. I hope so too! You said the other countries also have evidence that Spratly Islands are belong to them! Can you prove that?