Saturday, November 3, 2012

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Quang Binh

Located in North-Central Vietnam, Quang Binh Province is surrounded by Ha Tinh Province on the north, East Sea on the east, Laos on the west and Quang Tri Province on the south.

Phong Nha Ke Bang
Phong Nha Ke Bang

For a long time in history, this region belonged to Văn Lang and then kingdom of Champa and then a conflicted territory between Viet the Great and Champa, it was officially annexed into Đại Việt by Lý Thường Kiệt, a general of Lý Dynasty (under the reign of Lý king Lý Thánh Tông). The site of the present Quang Binh was battlefields between Champa and Vietnam until the Vietnamese territory was expanded farther south in the following dynasties. Quang Binh emerged its importance since Nguyễn Hoàng, a prince of Nguyễn Lords was sent by Lê king to the south. He developed his manor and turned it into a strong state Dang Trong, a rival of de facto Trịnh-controlled Dang Ngoai. Quang Binh under Nguyễn Lords became an important front to defence Dang Trong from Dang Ngoai's attack. Under the French rule, this province was part of An Nam. During the Vietnam War, this province was part of communist-controlled Democratic Republic of Vietnam or North Vietnam, only 20 km from the DMZ. This province was severely devastated by bombing from U.S. B-52s.

This province is home to the World Heritage Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park. The province is also home to several famous Vietnamese persons, including general Vo Nguyen Giap, the family of former South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem, poet Han Mac Tu, and writer Bao Ninh.

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