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Tay Ninh

Located in Eastern of the South, Tay Ninh shares border with Cambodia on the north with 240km boundary, Binh Duong and Binh Phuoc provinces on the east, Ho Chi Minh City and Long An Province on the south. On the north, there is Ba Den Mountain, 986m in height. On the south, terrain is quite flat. The province has Vam Co Dong and Sai Gon rivers and Dau Tieng Lake.

Tay Ninh's climate is relative mild, and is divided into 2 main seasons, the dry season and raining season. The dry season lasts from December of previous year to April of next year and it contrasts with the rainy season lasts from May to November...

Tay Ninh province belongs to the South East area of the Socialis Republic of Vietnam, co-ordinate from 10o57'08'' to 11046'36'', north latitude from 105o48'43'' to 106022'48'' East longitude. In the West and Northwest, it faces Cambodia Kingdom, in the East it faces Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc Province, and in the South it faces Ho Chi Minh City and Long An Province. Tay Ninh has the natural area of 4.035,45km2, average population: 1.038.616 people (in 2005), the population density: 257,37 people/ km2, most of the population crowded in Tay Ninh town and the southern districts of the province like: Hoa Thanh, Go Dau, Trang Bang. Tay Ninh has one town (named Tay Ninh town) and 8 districts, including: Tan Bien, Tan Chau, Duong Minh Chau, Chau Thanh, Hoa Thanh, Ben Cau, Go Dau, Trang Bang. Tay Ninh town is the economic, political, and cultural center of the province, 99km Northwest far from the HCM City and along the national highway 22 and 1809km far from the Hanoi Capital along the national highway No1.
Tay Ninh possesses 998m Ba Den Mountain high, the highest of the South East area. Tay Ninh land contains main groups: grey soil stretching 338,833ha holding 84.13% of the natural area.
Tay Ninh's climate is relative mild, and is divided into 2 main seasons, the dry season and raining season. The dry season lasts from December of previous year to April of next year and it contrasts with the rainy season lasts from May to November. The radiation system is plentiful, and the temperature is high and fixable. On the other hand, Tay Ninh lies far inner in the continent, so suffers less from the storm and other disadvantageous elements. The average temperature of Tay Ninh is 27,40 degree Celsius, annual light volume is profound, averagely there are 6 hours of sun shining in a day.
The annual average rainfall is 1800 – 2200 mm, the annual average moisture lies about at 70 – 80%, the wind speed at 1,7m/s and operates regularly in the year. Tay Ninh is under influence of West – Southwest wind in the raining season and North – North East wind in the dry season.
About the water resource: the surface water in Tay Ninh is mostly from the drainage system over the province's territory, with the total length of 617km, the average of and the averagel 0.11km/ km2, and focus on two big rivers those are Sai Gon River and Vam Co Dong River.
The Saigon River: deriving from Loc Ninh hilly area (in Binh Phuoc Province) over 200m high, flows in the direction North East – South West, it is the natural border between Tay Ninh Province and two provinces of Binh Phuoc and Binh Duong.
Up streaming the Saigon River to the higher section, the nation's largest hydraulic work has been built named Dau Tieng reservoir, with the efficient volume of 1.45 billion cubic meter, water surface 27,000 ha (on the Tay Ninh's area 20,000 ha) which provides a watering capacity for 175,000ha of the cultivated land of Tay Ninh Province, HCM City, and Long An Province.
Vam Co Dong River, deriving at a height of 150m from Cambodia in the direction North West – South East. Vam Co Dong River has a length of 220 km (151km lying in the Tay Ninh's territory).
Tay Ninh has a vast source of underground water, scattered over the whole province's territory. The total volume of underground water can be exploited to a rate of 50 – 100 thousand cubic meter/ hour. In the dry season, the underground water can be still exploited, meeting the demand of living and agricultural and industrial production.
About the mineral sources of Tay Ninh Province, most belong to the non-metal minerals such as: peat, limestone, gravel, pebble, clay and stone for construction. Peat reserve is 16 mil. tons scattered along the Vam Co Dong River, limestone reserve about 100 mil. tons reserve of gravel and pebble sand lies about at 10 mil. tons. Clay for brick manufacturing has a reserve of about 16 mil. tons, scattered at many places in the province. Laterite reserve is about at 4 million cubic meter and stone for all kinds of construction with the reserve of 1,300 – 1,400 million cubic meters, scattered mostly around Phung Mountain and Ba Den Mountain in Hoa Thanh district.
Tay Ninh's forest is mostly the secondary forest due to badly suffering from former wars, most of the forest belongs to the dry small woods and mixed woods of bamboos and woods. The rest forest area is about 40,025 ha (forest estimation in 1990).
For the humanity assets: Tay Ninh was civilized from mid century XVII due to the migration source from the North. Till beginning of century XIX (1873 – the 18th Minh Mang), Tay Ninh government was divided into 2 districts: Tan Ninh and Quang Hoa. Nowadays, on the Tay Ninh's territory there are 26 ethnic groups. Though distinguished from the traditions and habits of each ethnos, all of them have brought Tay Ninh a diversified and rich culture.
About the , Tay Ninh has Buddhism, Caodaism, Catholicism, Protestantism, and other religions . . .
About the historical aspect, Tay Ninh is a local rich in the tradition of revolution and patriotic movements against foreign invaders, a capital of the Provisional Revolution of the Republic of Southern Vietnam. Apart from vestiges of the Southern Central Bureau, man can find in Tay Ninh many historic sites relating to the resistance war for the South liberation such as Boi Loi historic revolutionary base, Duong Minh Chau Fighting zone, An Thoi tunnel and other historic sites
About the economic development, Tay Ninh is one of the important international exchange thresholds among Vietnam and other neighboring countries such as: Combodia, Thailand … Tay Ninh also keeps an important role in the goods exchanging relations among the provinces of the Mekong Delta and the Southern key economic provinces. Some remarkable achievements in recent years:
The economic structure (compared with 1994) has moved fast and rightly through the years and: In 1976 the agri-forest-fishery products held the rate of 89%; construction industry 2% and service 9%. To the year 2002, the equivalent rate is 46.88%; 21.02% and 32.09%. In 2003, the equivalent rate is 42.33%, 25.56%; 32.11%; in 2004: 40.45%, 25.11%, 34.44% and in 2005, the equivalent rate is 38,25%; 25,14%; 36,61%.
Until now, key economic fields have reached its stable stage. The agriculture has been specialized for some short-period and long-period industrial trees like: area specializing in sugar cane: 31.572ha, area specializing in cassava root: 43.279ha, area specializing in rubber trees: 54.521ha, area specializing in peanut: 23.436ha . Concurrently with the planting field, the breeding field has also gained some excellent achievements.
The industry and handicraft has grown more and more sustainable with some agricultural product manufacturing factories in some specializing areas such as: sugar cane factories, tapioca processing factories, rubber latex processing factories. The nuclear industry point is the concentrated industrial zones, in which the Trang Bang industrial zone has attracted many domestic and foreign investors.
With tourist and trade field then Tay Ninh has deployed the projects belong to domestic and international trade zones which make condition for border residents of two countries exchange goods with each other. Tay Ninh concentrates to develop the Moc Bai border gate economic area, interior trade centers, clue markets, and border markets at the same time constructs the Xa Mat border gate economic area. Tay Ninh continues to expand of cooperating trade and communicating information with Combodia and Thailand in many forms such as visit, discussion. Besides, Tay Ninh promotes to invest. Tay Ninh establishes the economic zones into the center which exports and imports the goods including the transit goods. On the basis of expanding the commercial network, promoting the tourist activities, and constructing the facilities for the tourist branch step by step, make the connection in order to develop the tourist area such as Ba Den mountain, Ma Thien Lanh, Bureau Central base, Dau Tieng Reservoir, Lo Go–Xa Mat National Garden.
Source: tayninh.gov.vn

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